Graphic systems (monosemic or polysemic)

Monosemy:

A drawing, a graphic representation = a meaning A multi-page communication notebook

Pic (+/- 400 pictograms designed for people with intellectual disabilities) – Com an image (naive and simple images)

Définition : Any communication system used based on graphics and each graphic representation has a unique meaning..

Some examples of graphic systems: (to see beautiful illustrations, go to the website
www.isaac.com (pictograms)

  • Sicom (+/- 82 concrete and precise images)
  • Pic (+/- 400 pictograms designed for people with intellectual disabilities) – Com an image (naive and simple images)
  • C.A.P. (Communicate and Learn by Pictograms, +/- 1500 pictograms)
  • Beta (+/- 1500 very concrete drawings)
  • Bliss (+/- 100 basic symbols with which more than 3,000 standard symbols have been created) Full language, used internationally Possibility to create new words to infinity!
  • Pick & Stick
  • Speak Picto
  • Picto
  • Graech Bailly
  • Shop at Pictograms
  • Makaton (images that are used in combination with gestures)
  • Axelia
  • Sclera
  • Rebus
  • ….etc ……

Highlights of these systems:

  • Visual support
  • Thinner, more precise as communication
  • Ability to communicate remotely (letter)

Weak points of these systems:

  • Less spontaneous
  • Requires good visual and mental abilities

Polysemy :

A drawing, a graphic representation = several meanings (by a system of associations of 2 to 3 drawings) Communication table consisting of a single page Definition: Any communication system used on the basis of graphics and of which each graphic representation can have several meanings according to its association with 1 or 2 other images.

Some examples of graphic systems: :

  • MINSPEAK
  • BLISS
  •  …. ????….

Highlights of these systems :

  • Single page with maximum 120 drawings.
  • Thanks to associations, great possibility of creating messages from a limited number of images.
  • Driving automation of the system much faster, images always at the same place
  • Faster communication than other systems
  • Faster communication than other systems

Weak points of these systems:

  • Requires an excellent mental level
  • Requires excellent visual memory
  • It is better to know how to point to get a direct access (see summary of the accesses)